Planting a few dwarf apple trees in your yard is a great way to improve your landscape while also growing some delicious fruit. However, it's important to be aware of a disease called apple scab, which is found wherever apples are grown and can leave your fruit scabby and unappealing. The easiest way to avoid this disease is to plant varieties that are resistant to it, such as:
This apple tree variety comes in both regular and dwarf varieties, so make sure you read carefully to ensure you're buying the smaller-size trees. Enterprise is resistant not only to apple scab, but also to cedar apple rust, which is important if you have cedar trees in your area.
Enterprise apples have a deep red color and a round shape. Medium in size, they fit nicely in the hand and are great for eating right off the tree, though they will store for a few months in a cool place. Enterprise apples are said to be rich with spicy flavors. They are a bit acidic at harvest, but lose their acidity as they age.
Dwarf Redfree apples come in both a full dwarf size, which matures to about 10 feet, and a semi-dwarf size, which matures to about 15 feet. They're resistant to apple scab and cedar apple rust. Redfree apple trees are known for being very hardy, but they do require full sunlight to thrive.
The apples of Redfree trees have a slightly oblong shape. They are a mixture of red and yellow in color with some faint stripes. Their sweet flesh makes them a good dessert apple, and they retain their firm texture well in storage.
Jonafree apples only come in a semi-dwarf size, which reaches 12 to 15 feet in height, so they're ideal if you have a little more space to fill. The trees thrive in full sunlight and require deep, loamy soil. This variety is completely immune to apple scab, but it may develop powdery mildew disease, a milder fungal infection that's quite easy to treat and does not usually render the fruit inedible.
Jonafree apples are medium in size with a mixture of red and yellow coloring. They have a sweet-tart flesh with a small grain and crispy, yet not overly firm, texture. They're often used in baking, though they are also delicious eaten fresh.
Which of the apple varieties above sounds best to you? Whether you prefer bright red eating apples, sweet dessert apples, or a sweet-tart, versatile apple, there's an apple-scab-resistant variety for you. For more information or help picking the right variety fro your yard, contact a local tree service (such as Corner Landscaping & Tree Service).